Making floors from hardwood is not new. They were used for centuries. Hardwood floors are known for their resistance to wear, longevity and durability. As these cannot cause “tiredness” when walked upon, hardwood floors are especially suitable for high-traffic areas. A number of commercial establishments-from museums which sees millions of visitors every year to hospitals- use hardwood. Scientific advancements like in chemical technology have led to surface and even penetrating treatments which only add to the natural durability of hardwood. The end result is a floor that can outlast many other flooring options with a little maintenance.
If factors beyond the purchase price and the installation expenses are considered, hardwood floors can actually prove to be one of the cheapest flooring options.
These are broad leaved deciduous trees. A hardwood tree produce a nut or fruit. It usually becomes dormant in wintertime. The list of hardwood trees include poplar, cherry, oak and ash. Each of the hardwood species have special physical properties. Species vary widely when it comes to hardness. To give an example, hickory is the hardest hardwood available commercially. Aspen is one of the “softer” hardwoods.
Hardwood's hardness, or any wood's hardness is measured by Janka Rating System. The system needs the measurement of a force needed to drive a ball made of .444 inch steel into wood. The steel ball's half diameter will be embedded. A hiigher number means more hard the wood species. Red oak, having a 1290 Janka rating is regarded as industry benchmark for comparing relative hardness of all the different wood species.
Do understand that harder wood has no correlation with being a better wood. Other than the hardness of a wood, a number of other qualities are present when selecting a hard floor. This includes both physical and aesthetic properties.
Solid wood flooring
This means that each of the flooring pieces is a single wood piece. Every exposed part is of genuine hardwood pieces. There is nothing else. The solid wood flooring are of three basic kinds: strip flooring, plank flooring boards and parquet flooring.
Strip flooring is the most ubiquitous. The width comes to 2 ¼ inches. Widths, however could range anywhere from 1 ½ to 3 ¼ inches. This flooring is nailed to subfloor. Planks are minimum 3 inches in width. They could be screwed to subfloor. Nailing is also possible. Parquet flooring comes in standard 6 x 6 inch blocks.